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Instructions for Authors


Instructions for Authors

The Italian Journal of Gender-specific Medicine aims at contributing to increase the development and promotion of a “culture” of Gender-specific Medicine in our country. The journal is addressed to clinical researchers, pharmacologists, decision-makers, payors, health directors, economists and bioethicists in order to enhance not only the Italian experiences in basic, clinical and translational research, but also the social, political and cultural realities.

There are three main contribution types:

  • “Review articles and Original articles” (the central part of each issue is dedicated to the scientific discussion: reports of experimental or observational researches, analyses by subgroups, narrative or systematic reviews, etc.)
  • “Gender-specific medicine watch” (a summary of particularly important contributions issued in the international journals, announcements and reports of events and conferences, etc.).
  • “News and Perspectives” (news, reports, interviews with the main characters of the institutional and regional healthcare system, legislation, and updates on the European, national and local regulations).

Articles will be accepted provided that they are original, and that they are not going to be published elsewhere afterwards.

Authors are solely responsible for the scientific content.

The copyright of the articles is transferred to the Publishing House and no part of the papers may be reproduced in any form and by any means by third parties.
Articles should be sent to the Editorial Office:

Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore
Via San Giovanni Valdarno 8, 00138 Roma RM
tel: +39.06.86282331 (Editorial Office)
fax: +39.06.86282250
Email: (Mara Losi)

In the letter accompanying the article the author should state that the article is original, that he/she transfers the copyright to the Publishing House, and that there is no conflict of interests; moreover, he/she should suggest the section of the Journal in which he/she wishes the work to be published. In case of articles signed by different authors, a letter stating the contribution given by each single author to the drawing up of the paper is required. All authors should have participating in conceiving the content and in the final review.

Particular attention should be paid to the statement concerning the possible existence of conflict of interests, that, if clearly expressed, is not a reason for penalizing the article assessment. On the contrary, if the Editorial Office or reviewers find out a potential conflict of interest (i.e. participation in satellite symposiums or involvement in research projects) not declared by one or several authors, this may be a reason for rejecting the publication proposal.

Plagiarism. It may seem obvious, however we would like to underline the importance of avoiding taking contents from sources not included in the references. Nowadays, the Publishing Houses are equipped with software and techniques able to discover almost any plagiarism attempt already during the review of the contributions.

Works should be sent via e-mail to the Editorial Office address. All articles received are critically reviewed in order to assess the formal and content aspects. As far as the invited articles are concerned – i.e. Editorial and Review articles – the review is generally limited to the formal aspects and it is carried out exclusively by the editorial office staff.

Function and structure of the articles

Original articles should have a length of maximum 18,000 characters including references and abstracts and they should be structured as follows:

  1. Title: it should be descriptive enough, and, at least in the subtitle, it should introduce the kind of study carried out;
  2. Introduction and objectives of the study (in a specific section);
  3. Description of materials and methods;
  4. Results obtained;
  5. Remarks and analytical discussion of the results;
  6. Conclusions (directly supported by the results); it is better to avoid commonplace expressions such as "further studies are required". Instead, indicate specific directions or further researches to be started in order to give an answer to the still outstanding questions;
  7. Summaries in Italian and in English (at least 1,200 characters each, including spaces). Abstract and summary should follow the IMRAD sequence: Introduction – Methods – Results – Discussion; summary and abstract should summarize the content of the article in a way as accurate as possible, without adding parts, and without minimizing possible limits of the study;
  8. A long Summary (at least 1,800 characters) in Italian
  9. References (max. 20);
  10. Five “Key messages” summarizing the main messages on which the reader’s attention should focus.

Particularly interesting Case reports should be described and commented in maximum 9,000 characters, including references and summaries. Among the case reports received, those describing innovative approaches – in terms of effectiveness of the intervention or in terms of cost reduction – referred to frequent clinical issues will be selected. Here below the structure to be followed:

  1. short introduction defining the focus of the case;
  2. description of the case with:
    • medical history;
    • signs and symptoms;
    • laboratory and instrumental examination;
    • results;
  3. a remark highlighting the main elements of the case;
  4. summary in Italian and English (50 words each);
  5. references (max. 15).

In each original article and case report we strongly recommend to insert at least a table or a chart pointing out the results.

Short communications are tools used to rapidly issue original studies; maximum 3,600 characters including a very short summary in Italian and English. You are allowed to include 1 table, 1 figure and the essential references.

Reviews should have a length of maximum 36,000 characters and should include references as well as the summaries in Italian and English (at least 1,200 characters each, including spaces). They should offer an overview of the literature as wide and updated as possible. Figures and tables would be appreciated. Include five “Key messages” summarizing the main messages on which the reader’s attention should focus. A long Summary (1,800 characters) in Italian is also required.

Letters to the Editor (1,800 characters) should ideally include remarks on topics dealt in recently issued numbers.

Gender-specific medicine watch

Summaries of particularly important contributions issued in the international journals, announcements and reports of events and conferences. Such summaries may be very short (1,800 characters) or longer, and they should provide a wider viewpoint on the topic dealt.

News and Perspectives

This section includes news, reports, interviews with the main characters of the institutional and regional healthcare system, legislation, and updates on the European, national and local regulations and it is edited by the Editorial office, even if external proposals are also considered.

Manuscript preparation

Materials should be sent to the journal via e-mail as Word document attachments. The first page of the article should contain the title, the authors’ names (in full) and surnames, and the Institute to which they are affiliated. The second page should include the abstract, the key words, the summary (including the title).

Possible acknowledgements should be provided at the end of the article before the references.

After the references, at the bottom of the last page, write the personal address of the author (including phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address).

Use Italics only in case of Latin words, and not for foreign words.

Use Bold for the titles of the sections, never in the text. The titles of possible subsections should be in clear font (not in capital letters and Bold). Do not use Italics or Bold in the list of references.

The symbols of the units of measures should conform to those used by the International System (IS).

Abbreviations and acronyms should be inserted between brackets after the relevant full word(s). The pharmaceutical formulae should be indicated with the name of the active principle.

Tables and figures

We recommend to insert tables and figures in each original article and review article.

They should be mentioned in full in the text by using Arabic numbers (e.g.: table 1, figure 1). Each figure should include a legend; each table should have a title.

If required, mention the source. The images should be of a quality suitable for printing. In case of low resolution or inadequate formal quality, the editorial office will reprocess the image by charging the additional costs to the author.


The list of references should be in Vancouver Style, i.e. they should be listed according to the appearance order in the text and not in alphabetical order. Notes in the article should be listed by using Arabic numbers in superscript and without brackets.

For journals: reference number followed by dot. Then: Authors (surname and initial letter of the name without dot). Title of the article. Title of the journal (not in Italics and without dots); year, without commas in-between. Then semi-colon (;) volume, followed by colon (:) and then the numbers of the relevant pages. Mention the first three authors followed by comma and <et al>.

For books: reference number followed by dot. Then: Authors. Title. City of publication followed by colon (:), editor, year of publication, colon (:), relevant page/s.

Fraser GE, Phillips RL, Harris R. Physical fitness and blood pressure in School children. New Engl J Med 1983; 67: 405-10.

Astrand PO, Rodahe K. Textbook of work physiology. New York: Mc-Graw-Hill, 1986: 320.

For web pages, please follow this example: [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:

For web blogs and posts, please follow this example:

Holt M. The Health Care Blog [Internet]. San Francisco: Matthew Holt. 2003 Oct – [cited 2009 Feb 13]. Available from:

For anything else herein not specified, please refer to the following guide:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals: Sample References (

Please note some graphic features:

  • initial letters of the names without dots;
  • abbreviations of the journal titles without dots;
  • no character in Italics, i.e. no underlining;
  • no character in Bold;
  • capital letter only for the first word of the title of the article.

Before sending the article, we recommend to perform a final check in order to be sure that you actually conformed to the above-mentioned instructions.

Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore
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